TCA Scientific Advisors
Bill M. Bakke
Bill Bakke has spent his life advocating for wild fish. He grew up fishing rivers and streams throughout Oregon and Washington. As an observant soul, he took notice of profound differences between hatchery-raised salmon, trout and steelhead and their native counterparts in the wild rivers and streams of his youth.
As Bill began seeing the effects of poor harvest and hatchery management, he was among the first conservation-oriented anglers to search the scientific literature behind those early observations, and advocate for changed practices before anyone who would listen. Bill continues that work to this day, more than 50 years after he began it.
Among his accomplishments and highlights, Bill worked for agencies such as the Columbia River Fisheries Council and the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, founded several environmental groups aimed at native fish conservation, including Oregon Trout, the FishCons Coalition and the Native Fish Society. Bill has written over 100 articles on fish conservation for sporting, scientific and news journals and has been featured in books about salmon conservation including, A Common Fate by Joseph Cone, Song For The Blue Ocean by Carl Safina, and A River Lost by Blaine Harden. He has also appeared on national and international media including NOVA, NBC and the BBC. Bill established Oregon’s first wild fish management policy and led petitions to list Snake River Chinook, Oregon Coastal coho and Columbia River coho under the Federal Endangered Species Act. Native Fish Society and its founder Bill Bakke were awarded the Carl R. Sullivan Fishery Conservation Award by the American Fisheries Society (AFS) in recognition of their pioneering work in the recovery and conservation of wild, native fish across the Pacific Northwest.
During his career, Bill Bakke has received the following recognition and awards:
Kirill V. Kuzishchin
Kirill Kuzishchin is a Professor on the Biology Faculty at Moscow State University. Dr. Kuzishchin has been involved in the international special study “Kamchatka Steelhead Project” since 1994 which is devoted to the estimation of the modern status, life history diversity, genetic and morphological diversity in Asian steelhead-rainbow. Before joining the KSP, Dr. Kuzishchin spent a decade in focused study on life history strategy, inter- and intrapopulation structure, morphological and genetic diversity in brown trout watersheds in the White Sea region (Northern European part of Russia). In 2002 Dr. Kuzishchin was science coordinator of the international Russia-US project “Salmonid Rivers Observatory Network – SaRON” – the focused study of the linkages between riverine geomorphic complexity and salmonid rivers productivity and salmonid fishes diversity. Since 2011, he has been the senior research scientist in the National Project “The study of the fish diversity in the Lower Volga region as a science basis for the development of the sport fishing strategy in the Region.” Finally, Dr. Kuzishchin has been the national Project Director of “The Fishes of the Komandorsky Islands: ecological and evolutionary aspects of their phenetic and genetic diversity.”
Jim Lichatowich is the author of two books. His latest book is Salmon People and Place: A Biologist’s Search for Salmon Recovery, and he also wrote Salmon without Rivers: A History of the Pacific Salmon Crisis. Jim has worked on Pacific salmon issues as a researcher, manager, and scientific advisor for more than 40 years. He specializes in the history of salmon management and the life history and status of salmon and steelhead populations and the development of restoration plans in the Pacific Northwest. Jim was formerly the Chief of Fisheries Research and Assistant Chief of Fisheries for the State of Oregon. He served ten years on the Independent Scientific Advisory Board (ISAB) for the Columbia River salmon restoration program. He served four years on the State of Oregon's Independent Multidisciplinary Science Team (IMST). He has also served on four independent scientific review panels for the California Bay-Delta Authority.
Bill McMillan is a writer, conservationist and citizen scientist. Bill helped found the Wild Fish Conservancy in 1989 and served as its Board Chair for ten years. Prior to that he explored rivers throughout Oregon and Washington, pioneering snorkling investigations where his observations and findings supported his exhaustive historical research efforts into the region's salmon and steelhead legacy. Bill's passionate angling and fly tying expertise was captured in the seminal 1988 book "Dry Line Fishing for Steelhead and Other Subjects" and again in "May the Rivers Never Sleep", written with his son John McMillan, a prominent steelhead biologist, in 2012.
Following doctoral studies at the University of Utah and the Flathead Lake Biological Station (FLBS) of the University of Montana, Jack Stanford spent 5 years on the biology faculty at University of North Texas. In 1980 he became Director and Professor at FLBS, where he served for the next 36 years. Working with his 28 MS and 19 PhD students and many colleagues, Prof. Stanford produced some 230 professional papers and books on river ecology. Jack and his colleagues successfully secured over $60 million in extramural research grants that helped grow the FLBS into a world-class field research and education facility. He is most noted for his long-term studies in the Flathead River-Lake Ecosystem in Montana, and in British Columbia that elaborated the 4-dimensional nature of rivers, ecological connectivity of aquatic systems, and food web cascades caused by introduction of nonnative species. In 1999 Dr. Stanford began extensive work on a suite of salmon rivers in Kamchatka, Argentina, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, and British Columbia; the research focused on cross-site comparisons of the salmonid life histories and productivity and role of salmon-derived nutrient subsidies on floodplain ecology. Professor Stanford has served on many national and international science review panels. He was elected a Fellow of the American Association for Advancement of Science in 2000. In 2004 Professor Stanford received the Award of Excellence of the Society for Freshwater Science and in 2011 he received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the International Society for River Science. Stanford is Emeritus Professor of Ecology at FLBS. Jack and his wife Bonnie live by the Twisp River the Washington Cascades.
Dr. Rick Williams is a Research Associate in the Department of Biology at The College of Idaho and lives in Eagle, Idaho. His research and writing has focused on the conservation of native trout and salmon in western North America for more than 30 years. Rick has worked on Columbia River salmon recovery issues since 1986 and in 2006 authored Return to the River: Restoring Salmon to the Columbia River. Rick serves as a Senior Conservation Adviser for the International Federation of Fly Fishers. Rick is also an Outfitter, Guide, and Co-Owner of Idaho Angler, a specialty fly fishing store in Boise, Idaho.